Germany, the world’s fourth-largest consumer of coal and which is celebrating the near completion of the controversial Nord Stream II gas pipeline from Russia, is set for a week of protests by environmental and left-wing activists - at the site of what will be the country’s first LNG import terminal.
Police said that the protesters were setting up a camp and plan blockades and other activities on approach roads to the LNG terminal location at Brunsbüttel from July 29 to August 2.
“It is assumed that most of the participants in the ‘climate camp’ will express their protest peacefully,” a spokesman for the Schleswig-Holstein state police told the Germany news agency DPA.
The state police said that several hundred officers would be on duty at the LNG terminal site from July 28 through August 2.
The developers of the Brunsbüttel terminal have received all of their regulatory permits.
However, since the terminal’s engineering phase gathered pace, the state Greens party has called for the project to be halted, claiming that it would a centre for the import of US LNG made from feed-gas that was a product of hydraulic fracturing.
German natural gas supplies mostly come from Russia's Gazprom and the Nord Steam I and new Nord Stream II projects and from offshore fields in Norwegian waters.
Brunsbüttel, on the Elbe River near Hamburg, is the most advanced of just two terminals moving forward.
The second terminal is west of Hamburg and also on the Elbe at the town of Stade.
The Brunsbüttel terminal is scheduled to be commissioned around July 2024 and the Stade facility a year later.
The Brunsbüttel joint venture is owned by two Dutch companies, Gasunie LNG Holding BV and Royal Dutch Vopak, as well as Oiltanking GmbH, a subsidiary of Marquard & Bahls AG, based in Hamburg.
The aim of the joint venture is to build and operate a multifunctional import and distribution terminal for LNG.
The terminal will also provide a wide range of services including the loading and unloading of LNG carriers, the temporary storage of LNG, regasification, feeding natural gas into the German natural gas network, and distribution of LNG via tank trucks and LNG railcars.
The developers opted for the location at Brunsbüttel because of its proximity to Hamburg and the many manufacturing companies based in the region.