The Dutch report is in its European Gas Atlas 2015. “The edition sketches the development of gas supply and demand in Europe, based on scenarios developed by Gasunie," it said.
The company provides an overview of gas hubs, market areas, LNG and underground storage (UGS) capacity and describes the major European gas companies.
Gasunie has developed three gas supply and demand scenarios, which describe a range of credible futures.
"These scenarios do not pretend to forecast future developments. Rather, they describe that very different outcomes are all perfectly possible." Gasunie said.
The main determinants of demand in these scenarios are the rate at which sustainable energy will develop and the potential growth rate of the economy.
"The North-West European import gap is growing in all scenarios, meaning that additional gas supply from outside North-West Europe will be required.
"The amount of additional gas needed differs per scenario, and the direction from which it may come differs over time," Gasunie said.
The Dutch company sees additional gas for Europe coming from Russia by pipeline, through its various "stream" projects and LNG from various sources, including the Yamal LNG venture in Arctic Russia that plans to ship to Belgium.
"The main sources of gas to close the anticipated import gap for North-West Europe are likely to be additional LNG and Russian gas, but the exact combination cannot yet be known," Gasunie stated.
"There are significant differences between the size of gap to be filled in each scenario," the company said in reference to its analysis.
Gasunie is currently adapting its Gate Rotterdam import and regasification terminal for LNG it opened in 2011 with Netherlands-based global storage giant Vopak.
Both companies have an agreement with Royal Dutch Shell marking an important step in the development of the project and LNG in Europe.
Gasunie and Vopak are building an open access LNG Break Bulk terminal for small-scale distribution of LNG over land and water.
The new terminal is planned adjacent to the Gate terminal and both facilities will be connected by pipeline.
The new terminal will receive LNG by pipeline from the Gate facility and break it down into smaller quantities for further distribution at an additional jetty and two truck-loading stations.
Gasunie noted in its Atlas the present near completion of the Dunkirk LNG import terminal in France and a new Irish terminal called Shannon LNG planned for 2018 with capacity for 500,000 tonnes per annum of LNG.
It also listed the Port Meridian LNG terminal project in the UK planning to come on line in 2018 with annual capacity of just over 3 million tonnes per annum of North American LNG.